What are the Different Types of Diabetes and It’s Symptoms?

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How to prevent type 2 diabetes naturally

Globally the ratio of the diabetes patient is increasing with every hour of every day. Till now more than 380 million people are suffering from different types of diabetes like Type 1, Type 2 and gestational. So we should know what is diabetes actually? What are the main signs and symptoms of diabetes like Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational?

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a condition where the level of sugar or glucose in your blood increases more than normal glucose level. Your body cannot produce enough insulin hormones or use it properly. It is also called as high blood sugar and there are 3 different types of diabetes.

What is the Role of Pancreas and Insulin?

The pancreas is an endocrine organ that located behind the stomach means in the upper left of the abdomen.
When you eat, your body converts food into glucose or sugar. At the same time, pancreas produces insulin hormone. For proper body function, our body cells need this glucose to convert into energy. Insulin in the blood acts like a key which this time plays an important role. Insulin hormone in your blood helps to unlock the body cell and allow glucose to enter into the body cells. When your body cells get enough amount of glucose energy, it works properly.

But in diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin and the system of entering glucose into each body cell to be used as a fuel does not work. This happens because of main two different types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.

What Is the Difference Between Type1 and Type2?

  1. Type 1 (one) Diabetes – No insulin to unlock body cells
  2. Type 2 (two) Diabetes – Body does not produce enough insulin or the present insulin is not working properly.
  3. Type 1 diabetes is not preventable, but Type 2 diabetes mellitus is preventable.

There are 3 Different Types of Diabetes

1. Type 1 Diabetes

In type 1 diabetes our body does not produce enough insulin to absorb blood sugar in the blood. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can develop before any age of 40, but especially it develops in childhood.

Due to insulin deficiency, people suffering from type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. Type 1 diabetes patients must go for a regular blood check and follow proper diet time table to maintain blood glucose level.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

Mostly the symptoms are similar to Type 1 and type 2 diabetes

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Tiredness and Fatigue
  • Lose weight
  • Extreme hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • UTI, yeast infection in female
  • Slow healing wounds and cuts

If you notice any other above signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes, please consult your doctor to avoid other health complications.

2. Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 2 diabetes the body does not produce enough insulin or the present insulin is not working properly. It is also called as non-insulin dependent diabetes. In this glucose cannot enter the body cells. Out of 3 different types of diabetes, 90% of diabetes patients are of type 2 diabetes.

Typically type 2 diabetes develops after the age of 35 but now a day it also develops after the age of 20 in younger people.

Most Common Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow healing wounds and cuts
  • Tiredness and Fatigue
  • Feeling more hungry

Type 2 Diabetes Causes include

  • The body does not produce enough insulin
  • Overweight or Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • No exercises or physical activity
  • Family background of diabetes/ Genetics
  • Wrong lifestyle
  • Risk increase after age of 45
  • High sugar diet

Complications of Type 2 Diabetes

  • Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of heart, cardiovascular problems like chest pain, heart attack, and stroke.
  • Damages kidney leads to kidney failure.
  • Damages blood vessels of the eyes and leads to blindness.
  • A hearing problem which is common in diabetes patients.
  • Skin infection.
  • Increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Damages nerves of the feet, which lead to other serious foot problems.

3. Gestational Diabetes

Out of 3 different types of diabetes, Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. During pregnancy, the level of blood sugar increases and the body does not produce enough insulin to transfer this glucose into body cells. But after a delivery of child, Gestational diabetes goes away.

Most of the gestational diabetes patient reduces their high blood sugar with exercises and diet. 10% -20% of gestational diabetes patients needs to take medicines to control high blood sugar. Undiagnosed and uncontrolled gestational diabetes may increase the complications during childbirth. The sizes of the newborn baby more than he/she should be.

Cause of Gestational Diabetes
There is no actual reason of developing gestational diabetes. But the risk factor of gestational diabetes may include

  • Age over 25-30 years
  • Family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Overweight
  • High blood pressure
  • Previously given birth to a large baby (greater than 9 pounds)
  • Had gestational diabetes during previous pregnancy.

Symptoms of Gestational diabetes
Out of 3 different types of diabetes, usually there are no signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes.

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